On 28 March 1979, a partial meltdown of the Three Mile Island unit 2 (TMI-2) reactor occurred at the TMI nuclear power plant near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, United States.
A TMI accident evaluation programme was originally set up by the US Department of Energy (US DOE), then part of the programme was later broadened into an international collaboration project under the aegis of the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA). The initial programme was concerned primarily with core damage progression analysis, metallographic studies of core debris samples and structural materials, as well as the mechanisms controlling fission product behaviour during the accident.
However, it became apparent after the programme had been established that the TMI-2 accident had progressed further than believed. Large quantities of molten core material had relocated from the core to the lower plenum of the reactor pressure vessel, and thermal damage had occurred to instrument structures in the lower head region; hence the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (US NRC) asked NEA to set up a second international collaborative project, the Three Mile Island Vessel Investigation Project (TMI-VIP) to examine the additional aspects of the problem.
The TMI-VIP Project was designed to evaluate the potential modes of failure and the margin to failure of the TMI-2 reactor vessel during the accident. The conditions and properties of material extracted from the lower head of the TMI-2 reactor pressure vessel were investigated to determine the temperature conditions and the extent of the damage by chemical and thermal attack on the lower head, as well as the margin of structural integrity of the vessel during the accident.
The project enabled progress in three directions:
The data abstract is public.
Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom and United States.
1 January 1988-31 March 1993
USD 9 million