Protocol to Amend the 1963 Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage (1997 Vienna Protocol)

The 1997 Vienna Protocol improves the original regime by requiring that more money be made available to compensate more victims for a broad range of damages.


Adopted: 12 September 1997

Opened for signature: 29 September 1997

Entered into force: 4 October 2003

Parties: 15 (see table below)


More information on of the 1997 Vienna Protocol, including the text, is available here.

The current status of the 1997 Vienna Protocol is available here.

The following is a sampling of the articles related to the 1997 Vienna Protocol that have been published in the Nuclear Law Bulletin:

  • Vienna Convention Revision: A Review of the Exercise and Insurance Implications in the Provisions under Discussion, by G.C. Warren (NLB 55, p. 9).
  • The Protocol Amending the 1963 Vienna Convention, by V. Lamm (NLB 61, p. 7).
  • Maritime Zones and the New Provisions on Jurisdiction in the 1997 Vienna Protocol and in the 1997 Convention on Supplementary Compensation, by A. Gioia (NLB 63, p. 25).
  • Revised Paris and Vienna Nuclear Liability Conventions – Challenges for Insurers, by M. Tetley (NLB 77, p. 27).


Parties to the Protocol to Amend the Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage
Argentina* Ghana Montenegro Romania*
Belarus* Jordan Morocco Saudi Arabia
Benin Kazakhstan Niger United Arab Emirates*
Bosnia and Herzegovina Latvia Poland  

* Country with at least one nuclear power plant in operation.